Hardware Sizing Guidelines

This is archived documentation for InfluxData product versions that are no longer maintained. For newer documentation, see the latest InfluxData documentation.

This guide offers general hardware recommendations for InfluxDB and addresses some frequently asked questions about hardware sizing. The recommendations are for the tsm1 storage engine. Where possible, we note the relevant numbers for the b1 and bz1 storage engines.

Single node:


General hardware guidelines for a single node

We define the load that you’ll be placing on InfluxDB by the number of writes per second, the number of queries per second, and the number of unique series. Based on your load, we make general CPU, RAM, and IOPS recommendations.

LoadWrites per secondQueries per secondUnique series
Low< 5 thousand< 5< 100 thousand
Moderate< 100 thousand< 25< 1 million
High> 100 thousand> 25> 1 million
Probably infeasible> 500 thousand> 100> 10 million

Low load recommendations

  • CPU: 2-4
  • RAM: 2-4 GB
  • IOPS: 500

Moderate load recommendations

  • CPU: 4-6
  • RAM: 8-16GB
  • IOPS: 500-1000

High load recommendations

  • CPU: 8+
  • RAM: 32+ GB
  • IOPS: 1000+

Probably infeasible load

Performance at this scale is a significant challenge and may not be achievable. Please contact us at sales@influxdb.com for assistance with tuning your systems.

Note: For the b1 and bz1 storage engines, we recommend having > 15,000 IOPS. The CPU and RAM guidelines are the same.

When do I need more RAM?

In general, having more RAM helps queries return faster. There is no known downside to adding more RAM.

The major component that affects your RAM needs is series cardinality. Series cardinality is the total number of series in a database. If you have one measurement with two tags, and each tag has 1,000 possible values then the series cardinality is 1 million. A series cardinality around or above 10 million can cause OOM failures. If this is the case, you can usually address the problem by redesigning your schema.

The increase in RAM needs relative to series cardinality is exponential where the exponent is between one and two:

Series Cardinality

What kind of storage do I need?

InfluxDB is designed to run on SSDs. Performance is drastically lower on spinning disk drives and may not function at all under moderate load.

How much storage do I need?

Database names, measurements, tag keys, field keys, and tag values are stored once and as strings. Only field values and timestamps are stored per-point.

Non-string values require about three bytes. String values require variable space as determined by string compression.

Note: With the b1 storage engine, non-string values require about 50 bytes. With the bz1 storage engine, non-string values require about 20 bytes.

How should I configure my hardware?

When running InfluxDB in a production environment the wal directory the data directory should be on separate storage devices. This prevents disk contention when the system is under heavy write load.

Note that the WAL directory can be on a spinning disk and that IOPS are most important for the data directory.

General hardware guidelines for clusters

Minimum hardware requirements:

  • CPU: 2
  • RAM: 4 GB
  • IOPS: 1000+

When running a cluster every member should have at least two cores.

For better performance, we recommend having 8 GB RAM and 4 CPUs or more.

How should I configure my hardware?

Place the hh directory on a separate storage device from the wal and data directories. This prevents disk contention when the system is under heavy write load. For more information on setting up a cluster, see Clustering setup.